Future contracts are exchange traded contracts with an agreement to buy or sell a specified quantity and quality of an asset for the price agreed upon by buyer and seller at a designated future date.
future contracts have certain standardised specifications –
- the quantity of the underlying
- the quality of the underlying
- date and month of delivery
- location for settlement
- units of price quotation
Features of future contracts –
- they are traded in only organised stock exchange.
- it requires stated standardised contract terms specified by the exchange.
- it requires marginal payments and daily settlement.
- future contracts can be closed very easily.
- these are executed on expiry date or maturity date.
- future contracts are expressed in currency unit and minimum price movement is called tick size.