1. Duty to Make report under section 143:
- 143 (2): whether the accounts give a true and fair view
- Whether he has sought all information and explanation
- Whether required books have been kept
- Report of branch account
- Fairness of B.S. and P\L account
- Observations and comments of the auditor
- Whether the director is disqualified from being appointed (section 164(2)
- Qualification, reservation and advise remarks
- Adequacy of internal financial control
2.Companies Auditors Report Order, 2016 (CARO).
Section 143 (3) the auditor are required to report about certain matters as per CARO, 2016. It includes
- Maintenance of record relating to fixed assets and verification of fixed assets
- Loans and advances given to third parties
- Acceptance of deposits by the company
- Deposit of undisputed dues etc.
3. Compliance with auditing Standards:
Section 141(9) central government may prescribe auditing standards based on the recommendations of ICAI
4. Duty to attend General Meeting:
Under Section 146, an auditor must attend the general meeting himself or through his representative.
5. Duty to report Frauds [sec 143(12)]
- Duty to report and not to detect
- Duty to report fraud and not to error
- Duty to report fraud to central government if the amount of fraud is more than 1 crore for an individual account. If the amount is less than 1 crore it must be reported to the audit committee (section 177).
- Expected frauds should also be recorded.
- Reporting of only those frauds is to be done which has happened and happening is being/has been committed.
- The incidents of fraud reported to the audit committee must be reported in the board’s report.
- If the auditor fails to comply with this section, he shall be punishable with a fine of 1 lakh and a maximum 25 lakhs.